The Relationship between Self-Concept and Satisfaction with Life among Adolescents
Adolescence is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood. During adolescence, important changes occur the way individuals think about and characterize themselves. Self-concept has an impact on Life Satisfaction in adolescents. The objective of this investigation was to analyze the relationship between self-concept and satisfaction with life. After detailed literature review, it was hypothesized that self-concept would be positively correlated on the variable of satisfaction with life among adolescent and additionally, it was assumed that there would be gender difference among adolescents on the variable of self-concept and satisfaction with life. A sample of 200 students (100 males and 100 females) was selected from different colleges of Karachi, Pakistan. The age of the participants ranged from 18-21 years (with mean age of 18.56 years). Their educational level was at least intermediate and socioeconomic status was middle and high class. The Six-Factor Self-Concept Scale (SFSCS; Stake, 1994) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL; Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985) were administered to assess satisfaction with life and self-concept of adolescents. In order to interpret the results Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients was calculated to assess relationship between self-concept and the satisfaction with life. Furthermore, gender difference on the variable of self-concept and satisfaction with life was computed through t-test. A significant correlation was found between self-concept and satisfaction with life(r = 0.374; p<0.01, n=200). Results suggest that on the variable of self-concept gender difference was found (t=2.460, p <.05), and on satisfaction with life no gender difference was found (t= -.763, p >.05). Results support the relationship between self-concept and satisfaction with life among adolescents and there is a gender difference on the variable of self-concept. Moreover, no gender difference was found on satisfaction with life.
Keywords: Satisfaction with Life, Adolescence, Self-Concept
Dr. Nadia Ayub
Lecturer, Department of Education & Social Sciences, University of Karachi